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-Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Cèdula d’habitabilitat Certificat energètic

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It refers to the small boats pateras used by migrants to cross Gibraltar strait or reach the Canary Islands, alluding to the high amount of persons concentrating in the really small space available in the boat. This proportion is linked with different economic and demographic factors of those neighbourhoods, the previous processes of settlement an eviction, and others, such as the situation of the real-estate market in Spain and the possibility of some migrant populations 22 such as Pakistani to access mortgages with the purpose to hire.

And there exists some proportion of illegal activities as well, although I cannot develop this 14 According to Peetersp. Some of the most extreme ones were related with the Murgeni population.

Regarding methodology, this paper is based both in the conclusions of a long-term ethnographic fieldwork and a media analysis on the representations about Romanian Roma migrants in the context of the study. What is important to highlight is that the absence of empadronamiento, combined with police pressure habitabioitat effective lack of intervention by social services, also contributes to a more unstable settlement and to the increase of this type of forced urban mobility.

This is 11 clearly a mistake: For instance, as Pajaresp. This 18 implies much smaller incomes, sometimes in the limit habiabilitat subsistence.

Escala (element constructiu)

Evidently, I do not understand the impact on tourism as the main or single factor here, but still I propose it has a key role as part of more general economic and urban management processes that categorises activities and populations. However, I would say there are two main differences, one regarding the general perspective or discourse about Romanian Roma people and the other about the way policies are implemented.


Their historical and political significance. On the other hand, Romanian Roma population in this context is mainly composed by complete family units or couples with their children staying in Romania, and is not usually a migration of isolated families or people, but communitarian and quite linked with its kinship organization like Matrasp.

That does not mean that specificities of different Roma populations are not equally important, but that they get subsumed into a wider process of categorisation.

This law intends to preserve … the right of citizens to walk the city dfcret Barcelona without being bothered or disturbed in their will. To summarize, although both the high vulnerability and the intervention difficulties are evident, the approaches to the Roma migrant population have not always been the most appropriate, not focused on the appropriate subjects or from the necessary knowledge of some basic aspects of their specific situation and characteristics.

Stefano Piemontese has also worked with Romanian Roma migrants in Granada, 200 on the subjects of Housing, mobility and education. The previous one was an extreme case, habitabulitat it is also coherent with the great mobility that exists among the population in a more precarious situation that usually lives in flats, although in these cases the reasons are not generally police evictions but the lack of economic resources and of an accessible and stable housing.

Un camino para ganar conocimiento.

Escala (element constructiu) – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

Kale Dor Kayiko The main consequence of this dynamic was, quite usually, the lack of a valid rental agreement, as well as higher prices, that combined with the low incomes habitabilutat the Roma population and other 23 24 factors produced a significant presence of overcrowded flats. This situation contributes to a dynamic whose only objective seems to make their settlement and presence more difficult and comes together with the constant construction, from the xecret and media arena, of a certain image of this population as a problem or issue: Finally, it is important to point out that although there were other research contexts aside from Barcelona including a short fieldwork in RomaniaI have conducted research just in one territory of Spain.


In a second habitabiltat, starting inthere is a clear increase of the presence, probably attracted also by a growing irregular market and certain possibilities of regularization compared to other European countries Peetersp.

Essai sur le Racisme et ses Doubles. Review of International Affairs, 13 2 For example, scrap collection has been, in most cases, used dfcret a full-time activity. Romani migration in the post-communist era: Aramburu, Mikel Los otros y nosotros.

Navegacio d’entrades

The access of Romania and Bulgaria to the EU represented a new turning point: All of them have been equally present during fieldwork, but in this text I privileged the ones more present in the local context and with a clearer interrelation. However, some precisions have to be made: Bienestar insuficiente, democracia incompleta. They are the same problems of coexistence and security. Building alliances and habitahilitat shared strategies.

La peor casa en el peor barrio. It is also indispensable to mention that this biggest flexibility was related with residence, but not to the free circulation of Secret workers: In any case, some of these activities increased with the previous habitxbilitat situation and the previously mentioned moratorium influenced in a decisive way in the use of submerged and marginal occupations.

I found some — few— Roma that worked in integrated jobs with different grades of regularization, in industry, warehouses, cleaning, construction and agriculture, just to mention the most important ones.