October 26, 2019 posted by

ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

Author: Nit Vinris
Country: Singapore
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Photos
Published (Last): 8 August 2014
Pages: 465
PDF File Size: 1.5 Mb
ePub File Size: 17.52 Mb
ISBN: 569-6-45064-517-4
Downloads: 19147
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kagataxe

Geography and cartography in medieval Islam. For example, he raised questions about the formation of mountains and al-birni the existence there of fossils by positing that Earth was once underwater. Almost half of the titles were on astronomical and mathematical subjects.

Babylonian mathematics Greek mathematics Indian mathematics. Over time, Al-Biruni won the welcome of Hindu scholars. Next post Muslim science heritage exhibitions comes to Doha.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

He observed that the Indus valley must be considered as an ancient sea basin filled up with alluvials. Strohmaierp. In his Codex MasudicusAl-Biruni theorized the existence of a landmass along the vast ocean between Asia and Europeor what is today known as the Americas. He ascertained that as compared with the speed of sound the speed of light is immense. American Federation of Astr.

The lack of description of battle and politics makes those parts of the picture completely lost. He was equally well versed in the mathematical, astronomic, physical and natural sciences and also distinguished himself as a geographer and historian, chronologist and linguist and as an impartial observer of customs and creeds.

Later years and significance In Islamic world: He may even have learned some Sanskrit. Biruni’s most important work was a major pharmacopoeiathe “Kitab al-saydala fi al-tibb” Book on the Pharmacopoeia of Medicinedescribing essentially all the medicines known in his time. International Journal of Sciences.

He learnt Hindu philosophy, mathematics, geography and religion from thre Pandits to whom he taught Greek and Arabic science and philosophy. Conscience and History in a World Civilization.

Although he never entirely focuses just on physics in any of his books, the study of physics is present throughout many of his various works. Biruni wrote most of his works in Arabic, as the scientific language of his age, however, his Persian version of the Al-Tafhim [55] is one of the most important of the early works of science in the Persian languageand is al-blruni rich source for Persian prose and lexicography. We know that the Persian era in the valley of the Nile flourished in B.


He spent much of his life in Ghaznithen capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty al-birhni, in modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan. Please try again later.

For the lunar crater, see Al-Biruni crater. He recognizes that uneducated Hindus worshipped a multiplicity of idols yet points out that even some Muslims such as the Jabiriyya have adopted anthropomorphic concepts of God. Al-Biruni wrote about the peoples, customs and religions of the Indian subcontinent. Al-Biruni births deaths Medieval Persian astrologers Medieval Persian astronomers Medieval Persian geographers Medieval Persian mathematicians Persian philosophers 10th-century mathematicians 11th-century mathematicians 11th-century historians 11th-century geographers Astronomers of medieval Islam Geographers of medieval Islam Astrologers of medieval Islam Alchemists of medieval Islam Mathematicians of medieval Islam Islamic philosophers Scientists who worked on Qibla determination Indologists Iranian anthropologists Historians of Pakistan Historians of India 11th-century astronomers 10th-century Iranian people Ghaznavid scholars Samanid scholars Muslim inventors Inventors of medieval Islam 10th-century Muslims 11th-century Muslims Giftedness.

Wikisource has original works written by or about: There he wrote his first important work, al-Athar al-Baqqiya ‘an al-Qorun al-Khaliyya literally: His descriptions of India were so complete that even the Aein-i-Akbari written by Abu-al- Fadal during the reign of Akbar, years later, owes a great deal to al-Biruni’s book. During his journey through India, military and political histories were not of Al-Biruni’s main focus. During this time he wrote his study of India, finishing it around At the end of this book he makes a mention of having translated two Sanskrit books into Arabic, one called Sakayawhich deals with the creation of things and their types, and the second, Patanjal dealing with what happens after the spirit leaves the body.

Royalty and powerful members of society sought out Al-Biruni to conduct research and study to uncover certain findings. In his search for….


Al-Bīrūnī | Persian scholar and scientist |

Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world. Reading in Indian history.

Science in the Middle Ages. Also, no other centers of rock carving production have been identified for the early and the middle Islamic periods. Thank you for your feedback.

In our Time — Al-Biruni”. Steel, wood, turquoise, coral, emerald, gold; Dimensions: Their court at Gorganj xl-biruni in Khwarezm was gaining fame for its gathering of brilliant scientists.

He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine. He was inspired by the arguments offered by Indian scholars who believed earth must be globular in shape, which is the only way to fully explain the difference in daylight hours by latitude, seasons and earth’s relative positions with moon and stars.

His scholarship on the topic exhibited great determination and focus, not to mention the excellence in his approach of the in-depth research he performed. Due to an apparatus he constructed himself, he succeeded in determining the specific gravity of a certain number of metals and minerals with remarkable precision.

Al-birunj stones adorning the hilt and scabbard of the sword have talismanic significance.

Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King Mahmood Ghaznawi, who was one of the famous Muslim kings of the 11th century A. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource. Recent comments on this blog Its very well known that ancient Egypt imported cedar trees from Levantine regions. Al-Biruni’s Discovery of India: He was born in the outer district of Kaththe capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm now a part of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan [14] [10] or Chorasmia.

He treated religions objectively, striving to understand them on their own terms rather than trying to prove them wrong.